Leishmaniasis in dogs: prevention, symptoms and treatment
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Leishmaniasis in dogs is a parasitic disease caused by a protozoan that is transmitted by a mosquito called a phlebotomist. These mosquitoes are the transmitting agent, so that without their sting, the disease does not spread.
Prevention, symptoms and treatment of Leishmaniasis
For prevention, it is recommended to install mosquito nets and repellents such as deltamethrin or permethrin to prevent mosquitoes from approaching. It is also recommended to use repellents and pipettes to reduce the chances of mosquitoes biting our dog.
It should be taken into account that, since mosquitoes are more active during the night, it is advisable to avoid taking the dog for a walk during the night hours.
Among the main symptoms of this disease can be an important loss of appetite of the dog as well as severe weight loss. Other symptoms may also occur, such as nosebleeds, vomiting, diarrhea, and exercise intolerance.
Wounds can appear in the area of the legs and the head, the hair can fall to the dog around the nose, ears and eyes. The dog will suffer from overgrowth of the nails and you will also notice epidermal lack of pigmentation as well as breakage of the pads of the feet.
As for the treatment that can be given in a veterinary clinic, it currently consists of Meglumine Antimoniate (Glucantime) and Allopurinol, both in a proportion determined by the veterinarian.
In addition, you should bet on a specific diet that has a high antioxidant index as well as protein levels suitable for adult animals, which is aimed at the recovery of muscle mass.
It must also have a reduced content in purine bases to avoid the formation of xanthine stones and it must have a high digestibility in order to help the recovery of weight.